São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil, with a town population of about 12 million and almost 22 million in its metropolitan region. It’s the capital of the Southeastern state of São Paulo, and also a beehive of activity that provides a jovial nightlife and a rigorous cultural experience. São Paulo is among the richest cities in the southern hemisphere, though inequality involving the classes typically observed in Brazil is blatant. Historically appealing to immigrants in addition to (somewhat later) Brazilians from other states, it’s one of the most diverse cities in the world.Avenida Paulista is among the main financial and cultural centers of the capital, attracting a large number of visitors and tourists a day. As well as having several options of shops and restaurants, it can also be your home of São Paulo’s most famous museum, MASP, several movie theaters and large bookstores.Designed in 1895, the building that now houses the Pinacoteca do Estado was the first art museum in São Paulo. At the time it had been built to house the Lyceum of Arts and Crafts, an organization that taught technicians and craftsmen. The structure of the museum itself is worth the visit. Exposed brick walls and a sizable, two-story atrium in the center of the museum lets visitors benefit from the artwork under natural lighting. Although much smaller and less famous than its older sister, Ibirapuera Park, Villa Lobos is among the greenest settings in all of São Paulo. Here the crowds are not as large during the weekends to help you rent a bike and benefit from the native trees and plants. Certain weekends see bands and individuals play their songs on the Musical Island open-air stage surrounded by concrete bleachers. On the basis of the Paris Opera House, the Municipal Theatre is among the postcards of São Paulo. Since its construction in 1903, it has gone through several restorations to modernize its facilities, but without losing the glamour of its early-1900s style. Certainly one of the most popular tourist attractions in the middle of town is São Paulo’s Municipal Market. Set across 12,600 sq m (135,625 sq ft), the Mercadão, as it’s called, brings together merchants from all corners of the city, selling sets from fruits and spices to salted codfish. Many individuals who visit the marketplace come here especially to eat the famous baloney sandwich.